Dr Amrit Kaur's Blog
Chhota Ghallughara: Chhamb Kahnuwan

            In the blood-stained pages of Sikh history (i) Chhota Ghallughara (Minor Holocaust) which occurred during March-June 1746 and (ii) Vadda Ghallughara (Major Holocaust) which took place on February 5, 1762, in each of which 40,000 Sikhs were killed present examples unparalleled in world history.

Remembering Bhagat Kabir Ji, a revolutionary saint-poet on his 619th Birth Anniversary

Bhagat Kabir Ji's full name was Kabir Das. 'Kabir' in Arabic language means 'great’ and the word 'dasa' in Sanskrit language means a slave or a servant. 

Paying obeisance to Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib

 Guru on his 422 nd Birth Anniversary (June 10) Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib (1595-1644) the Sixth Guru (prophet teacher) of the Sikhs was the only son of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the Fifth Guru of the Sikhs and Mata Ganga Ji. He was born on Har Vadi 7, 1652 Bikrimi i.e. June 19, 1595 at Vadali (now called Vadali Guru) about 8 kms from Amritsar.

301st martyrdom anniversary of Shahid Baba Banda Singh

Paying obeisance to the brave, dauntless and vigorous Shahid Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji: The founder of Sikh rule.

PAYING OBEISANCE TO SRI GURU AMAR DAS JI

 Sri Guru Amar Das Ji was born on Baisakh Sudi 14, 1636 Bikrami i.e. May 5, 1479 at Basarke Gillan village, which is about 13 kms. south-west from Amritsar, in district Amritsar, Punjab. In his fond memory, in this village at his birth place Gurdwara Sri Janam Asthan Sri Guru Amar Das Ji has been established. His paternal great grandfather Vishan Das Ji belonged to Bhalla Khatri family and was a shopkeeper at village Basarke.

Paying Obeisance to Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji on his 513th Birth Anniversary

The second prophet-teacher of the Sikhs, first known as Lahina Ji and then named 'Angad' by Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born on Baisakh Vadi 1, Sammat 1561 Bikrami which corresponded with 31 March, 1504. His father Bhai Pheru Ji also known as Bhai Pheru Mal Ji, a Trehan Khatri by caste lived in the village 

BHAGAT RAVIDAS JI : AN ASCETIC AND A SOCIAL REFORMER

Bhagat Ravidas Ji (1377-1527) was born to Raghu Ji and Ghurbinia Ji at Mandhuadhe in Varanasi, Uttar Pardesh . He is respected by the Sikhs because he is one of the fifteen bhagats (holy men) whose compositions have been included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib,  the Holy Book of the Sikhs.  The basic tenets of Sikh religion include that all the creatures have been born out of One Light i.e. God Almighty.

PAYING RESPECT TO SRI GURU HAR RAI SAHIB ON HIS 387TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib (1630-1661) the seventh Guru of the Sikh faith was born on January 16, 1630 at Kiratpur Sahib in District Ropar of Punjab. He was the grandson of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib (1595-1644) the sixth-prophet teacher of the Sikh faith and son of Baba Gurditta Ji (1613-1638).

An Unprescedented Martyrdom : Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji

The martyrdom of Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh Ji, the two younger sons of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the Tenth Master of the Sikhs, born to Mata Jito Ji, which took place on December 12, 1705 is an unprecedented event and a major landmark in the history of Sikhs. 

Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib: Protector of Oppressed Classes

 Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, the Ninth Guru (Revealer of the Sikh faith) of the Sikhs was born on Baisakh vadi 5, 1678 Birkimi i.e. April 1, 1621 in Amritsar, Punjab. He was the youngest of the five sons of Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib, the Sixth Guru of the Sikhs and Bibi Nanaki. His childhood name was Tyag Mal, tyag means 'giving away' or parting with what one possesses. As a small child he gave away his clothes to a poor child in charity. 

CHHOTA GHALLUGHARA (The Minor Holocaust) MARTYRDOM OF 40,000 SIKHS DURING MARCH-JUNE, 1746

The Sikh history of the 16th, 17th and 18th century is replete with atrocities impinged on the Sikhs by the Mughal and Afghan invaders and their descendents who ruled India.             In the blood-stained pages of Sikh history (i) Chhota Ghallughara (Minor Holocaust) which occurred during March-June 1746 and (ii) Vadda Ghallughara (Major Holocaust) which took place on February 5, 1762, in each of which 40,000 Sikhs were killed present examples unparalleled in world history.

MARTYRDOM OF 40,000 SIKHS IN A SINGLE DAY (FEBRUARY 5, 1762)

Information about this Ghallughara is mostly available in Tahmas Khan Miskin's book Tahmasnama (1719) who in his capacity as a Turkish Muhammadan was a Senior Official in the army of Zain Khan, the faujdar of Sirhind. 

1234